Invasive Alien Species

Species Name: Artemisia vulgaris

Family Name:
Asteraceae/Compositae
Synonym:
Origin:
Europe, Continental Asia, & N. America
Description:
Perennial, often ascending and branched, rooting at the base, emitting subterranean stolons, very aromatic, 30-200 cm tall.  Stem furrowed, more or less densely whitish-appressed-pilose. Shape and size of leaves very variable.  Leaves densely white-lanate-arachnoid beneath, thinly hairy above, sessile (of young branches shortly petioled), pinnatipartite to bipinnate, oval, upper ones simple, 2.5-10.5 x 1.5-9 cm, apex acute, segments lanceolate,  1-7 mm wide, acute, margin entire or with few, coarse, acute teeth, lower ones often very small.  Panicles terminal and axillary with spiciform branches; heads sessile, usually in the axill of a small, linear bract, turned away from the main rachises of the inflorescence, campanulate or cylindrical, 3.5-5 mm long; ray and disk-flowers c. 2 mm long, light-green; achenes green not developing in Java.
Invaded Habitat:
Coffee, cinchona, and tea-plantations, road-sides, grass-fields, sandy-plains, dikes of  rice-fields, agricultural fields, vegetable fields.
Distribution:
Naturalized in Java, in West and East Java at the high lands.  In Sumatra found  at the high lands of Aceh, North Sumatra, Jambi and West Sumatra, in Nusa Tenggara found at  Candi Kuning, Bali.
Ecology:
Grow well at 250-3 000 m alt., locally a common weed in open localities.
References:
  1. Backer , C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen Van Den Brink.  1965.  Flora of Java Vol II.  N.V. P. Noordhoff. Groningen, Netherlands
  2. Miyaura, Rie.  2001.  Weed Distribution and Its Control in Highland Indonesia : The Case of West Java and Bali.  In Highland Vegetable Cultivation in Indonesia, A Multi-Disciplinary Study toward Eco-Eco Farming.  Tokyo, Japan.  Hal 263-274.
  3. Sastroutomo, S.S. and E.T. Pandegirot.  1988.  Survai Ekologis Gulma di Perkebunan Teh Ciliwung, Jawa Barat.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI IX.  Hal 233-253.
  4. Tjitrosoedirdjo, S.S.  2000.  The Asteraceae of  Sumatera. Disertation. Post Graduate Programme, Bogor Agricultural University. Bogor
  5. Widaryanto, E. and S. Sukartomo.  1992.  Pengaruh Berbagai Dosis Herbisida Oxyfluorfen (Goal 2E) dan Waktu Penyiangan terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Kubis (Brassica oleracea L.). Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI XI.  Ujung Pandang.  Hal 287-294.