Invasive Alien Species
Species Name: Sacciolepis indica
- Family Name:
- Sacciolepis angusta (non Stapf) Ridl
Hymenachne indica (L.) Buese
- Annual, erect or ascending from basal reclining rooting part, never long creeping; root fibrous, aromatic, 15-30 cm tall. Stem cylindrical, hollow. Leaf sheaths shorter than the internodes; ligule a ridge of short hairs, leaf blade and sheath junction hairless; blade linear to linear lanceolate, 26 cm x 2-8 mm. Inflorescence arising from end of shoot, spike like, cylindrical branched on all sides, compact or less dense, 1-15 cm x 5 mm; spikelets arrange on all sides of the spike on short stalks, asymmetrical lanceolate ovoid, curved, sparsely hairy. Two views of single spikelet, with 2 florets, the lower male sterile, the upper bisexual. Caryopsis compressed, free between the unaltered lower lemma and lower palea.
- Invaded Habitat:
- Rainfed, upland and tidal rice fields, Imperata grassland, drained swamplands.
- Through out Indonesia, except the Mollucas as far as known
- Not to dry, not too heavy, preferably fertile soils, but also on rather poor soils on fallow lands and dry land fields. Up to 1800 m altitude, especially above 400 m.
- Backer , C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen Van Den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java Vol. III. N.V. P. Noordhoff. Groningen, Netherlands
- Barnes, D.E. and L.G. Chan. 1990. Common Weeds of Malaysia and Their Control. Ancom Berhad. Persiaran Selangor, 4000 Shah Alam, Malaysia.
- Soerjani, M., A. J. G. H. Kostermans & Gembong Tjitrosoepomo (Eds.). 1987. Weeds of Rice in Indonesia. Balai Pustaka. Jakarta.