Invasive Alien Species
Species Name: Sphaeranthus indicus
- Family Name:
- Sphaeranthus hirtus Willd.
- Same as S. africanus, but but differs by being very aromatic and usually sticky. Stems broad, with coarsely tooth wings. Leaves coarsely acutely crisp-toothed. Inflorescences globose-ellipsoid, 12-15 mm long, purple at anthesis; peduncle 2-4 cm long with broad, deeply crenate wings; involucral bracts white with purple tip; corolla tube of female flower 2-2.5 mm long of bisexual flower 2.3-3 mm long; harsened basal part much inflated. Achenes with patent erect hairs, no gland
- Invaded Habitat:
- Wet areas and rice fields
- Throughout Indonesia except Kalimantan, Moluccas and Papua
- Usually on heavy soils, from 0-1 200 m altitude
- Backer , C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen Van Den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java. N.V. P. Noordhoff. Groningen, Netherlands.
- Soerjani, M., A. J. G. H. Kostermans & Gembong Tjitrosoepomo (Eds.). 1987. Weeds of Rice in Indonesia. Balai Pustaka. Jakarta