Invasive Alien Species
Species Name: Bergia capensis
- Family Name:
- Bergia repens Blume
B. verticillata Willd.
Elatina verticillata W. & A.
- South India
- Annual, aquatic, creeping herb, with emerging, vertical, thick, succulent, red or pink, longitudinally-striped branches, peripherically divided into large air ducts by radiating septa, 8-50 cm long.; stipules erect, membranous, ovate-triangular, 2-3 mm long. Leaves opposite, oblong-lanceolate to oblanceolate, finely red toothed, 1.5-2 x 0.75-2.5 cm; petioles stout, 1-5 mm. Inflorescence many flowered clustered, axillary, dense, actinomorphic, 5-merous; pedicel glabrous 0.5-3 mm long; sepal 5; light green, red-tipped, broadly elliptic; petals 5, persistent, slightly longer than the sepals, white, transparent; stamen 10; filaments thin from broadened base; ovary superior, recurved; styles 2-5, erect, recurved. Fruit capsule, reddish, globose, 2.5 mm in diameter with 5 longitudinal grooves; seeds numerous, brown, conspicuously reticulate, 0.4-0.5 mm long
- Invaded Habitat:
- Swampy sites, wet grasslands, pools, riverbanks, lowland irrigated and rain fed rice fields
- Mostly found in areas with pronounced dry season. Occurs in Central and East Java at 0-600 m altitude. Flowers in Java from February to June
- Backer , C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen Van Den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java. N.V. P. Noordhoff. Groningen, Netherlands
- Pancho, J. V. and M. Soerjani. 1978. Aquatic Weeds of Southeast Asia. Univ. of the Philippines at Los Banos and SEAMEO BIOTROP, Bogor.
- Soerjani, M., A. J. G. H. Kostermans & Gembong Tjitrosoepomo (Eds.). 1987. Weeds of Rice in Indonesia. Balai Pustaka. Jakarta