Invasive Alien Species
Species Name: Urochloa glumaris
- Family Name:
Brachiaria paspaloides (J. Persl) C.E. Hubb
Panicum distachyum auct.
Brachiaria ambigua (Trin.) Presl
Panicum ambiguum (non Trin.) Backer
Urochloa paspaloides Presl
- Perennial grass, often copiously branched, usually creeping and rooting at the base. Stem slender, erect or ascending 15-40 cm tall, leafy, hairless. Leaves narrow, 5-20 cm long, usually hairless, rough above and on the margins; ligule a membranous ridge of short hairs. Inflorescence of 3-4 spikes at end of shoots, axis ciliolate on the margins, pubescent on the nodes; spikelets arranged in pairs, one stalked and other not, often purple; single spikelet nearly as long as the lower empty glume with 5-7 green veins, upper glume 7-nerved; upper flowering glume with a short stiff point at the tip enclosing the minutely granulate palea; stigma deep purple. Seeds ovoid, flatened.
- Invaded Habitat:
- In damp places, a weed of open spaces; in up land rice fields; grassy roadsides, lawns, plantations; sometimes abundant.
- Troughout Indonesia
- In Java up to 1200 m alt. In not too dry, but also not wet, sunny to lightly shaded sites
- Barnes, D.E. and L.G. Chan. 1990. Common Weeds of Malaysia and Their Control. Ancom Berhad. Persiaran Selangor, 4000 Shah Alam.
- Budiman, A., M. Thamrin and S. Asikin. 1988. Beberapa Jenis Gulma di Lahan Pasang Surut Kalimantan Selatan dan Tengah dengan Tingkat Kemasaman Tanah Yang Berbeda. Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI IX.
- Soerjani, M., A. J. G. H. Kostermans & Gembong Tjitrosoepomo (Eds.). 1987. Weeds of Rice in Indonesia. Balai Pustaka. Jakarta