Invasive Alien Species

Species Name: Lantana camara

Family Name:
Verbenaceae
Synonym:
Origin:
Tropical America
Description:
Perennial shrub, pungent smelling, 1.0-3.0 m tall.  Erect or scrambling, young stem 4-angled, with stiff hairs and small downward-pointing prickles.  Both leaves opposite, ovate, with toothed margins, 5-9 cm long, 2-7 cm wide, rough upper and hairy lower surfaces; petiole 1 cm long; stipules short, ciliate.  Flowers in stalked heads at the leaf axils, the rachis of the head short, heads many flowered, 2-3.5 cm diameter, variable in colour, pink, red, yellow or orange, often changing with age, the limb 6-7 mm wide, stamens 4, short, style short, the stigma bellow the anthers.  Fruit a 2-seeded, ovoid drupe 4-6 mm in diameter, green initially turning black or purple in maturity.
Invaded Habitat:
Plantations (tea, rubber, oil palm, sugar cane), cattle grounds, secondary forests, sometimes forming dense jungles, also cultivated as a hedge plant. In Sumbawa, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, it has recently been reported that overgrazed grasslands become dominated by Lantana camara or Chromolaena odorata
Distribution:
Commonly found in Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi.
Ecology:
In Java it is naturalized and found at altitude of  ± 1-1700 m above sea level.
References:
  1. Anonymous, 1968.  Identification of Plants on Malayan Rubber Estates : Plates 81-88, Dicotyledons.  Woody shrubs and Trees.  Planter’s Bulletin 96.  Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia.
  2. Baba, A.B. and A.B. Tambi.  1984.  Efficacy Studies of Triclopyr a Promising Herbicide for the Control of Broadleaves and Bushes in Malaysia.  Proceeding of the 1st Tropical Weed Science Conference, Hat Yai. Thailand. Vol II.
  3. Backer , C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen Van Den Brink.  1965.  Flora of Java. N.V. P. Noordhoff. Groningen, Netherlands.
  4. Barnes, D.E. and L.G. Chandapillai.  1990.  Common Malaysian Weeds and Their Control.  Ancom Berhad, Malaysia.
  5. Budiman, A., M. Thamrin and S. Asikin.  1988.   Beberapa Jenis Gulma di Lahan Pasang Surut Kalimantan Selatan dan Tengah dengan Tingkat Kemasaman Tanah Yang Berbeda.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI IX.
  6. de Padua, L.S., N. Bunyapraphatsara and R.H.M.J. Lemmens (Eds).  1999.   PROSEA. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1).  Medicinal and Poisonous plants 1.  Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  7. Love, C.O.  1989.  Control of  Lantana (Lantana camara) with Fluroxypyr in Coastal New South Wales and Queensland, Australia.  Proceedings of the Twelfth Asian Pacific Weed Science Society Conference, Seoul, Korea.
  8. Moody, K., C.E. Munroe, R.T. Lubigan and E.C. Paller, Jr.  1984.  Major Weeds of the Philippines. Weed Science Society of the Philippines.
  9. Sastroutomo, S.S. and E.T. Pandegirot.  1988.  Survai Ekologis Gulma di Perkebunan Teh Ciliwung, Jawa Barat.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI IX.  Page  233-253.
  10. Siregar, M.E., B. Haryanto and S. Tjitrosemito.  1990.  Review of Weed Management in Indonesian Pastures.  Proc. Symp. On Weed Management.  BIOTROP Spec. Publ. (38): 229-235.
  11. Soekarmi, H., I.H. Utomo, J.H. Sardjono.  1992.  Inventarisasi dan Identifikasi Berbagai Jenis Gulma Dominan pada Berbagai Komoditas Andalan Perkebunan di Sulawesi Selatan.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI XI.  Ujung Pandang.
  12. Syawal, Y. et al.  1992.  Gulma yang Dominan Pada Agroekosistem di Sumatera Selatan.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI XI.  Ujung Pandang.  Page  43-48. 13. Taylor, E.E.  1989.  A History of Biological Control of Lantana camara in New South Wales.  Plant Protection Quarterly 4(2): 61-65.
  13. Tjitrosoedirdjo, S.S.  1991.  Lantana camara L.  Weed Info Sheet.  SEAWIC SEAMEO BIOTROP.  Bogor, Indonesia.
  14. Wahid, M.B. and A.H. Hasan.  1984.  Problem of Weed Control in Oil palm.  Proceedings of  the 1st Tropical Weed Science Conference, Hat Yai, Thailand.  Vol II.