Invasive Alien Species

Species Name: Lantana camara

Family Name:
Tropical America
Perennial shrub, pungent smelling, 1.0-3.0 m tall.  Erect or scrambling, young stem 4-angled, with stiff hairs and small downward-pointing prickles.  Both leaves opposite, ovate, with toothed margins, 5-9 cm long, 2-7 cm wide, rough upper and hairy lower surfaces; petiole 1 cm long; stipules short, ciliate.  Flowers in stalked heads at the leaf axils, the rachis of the head short, heads many flowered, 2-3.5 cm diameter, variable in colour, pink, red, yellow or orange, often changing with age, the limb 6-7 mm wide, stamens 4, short, style short, the stigma bellow the anthers.  Fruit a 2-seeded, ovoid drupe 4-6 mm in diameter, green initially turning black or purple in maturity.
Invaded Habitat:
Plantations (tea, rubber, oil palm, sugar cane), cattle grounds, secondary forests, sometimes forming dense jungles, also cultivated as a hedge plant. In Sumbawa, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, it has recently been reported that overgrazed grasslands become dominated by Lantana camara or Chromolaena odorata
Commonly found in Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi.
In Java it is naturalized and found at altitude of  ± 1-1700 m above sea level.
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