Invasive Alien Species

Species Name: Cuphea balsamona

Family Name:
Central and South America
Shrub, woody,  erect or decumbent at the base, often much branched, 20-75 c tall. Leaves shortly petioled, elliptic oblong or obovate, narrow toward the base, 1.5 x 0.5-2.5 cm. Inflorescence solitary or in small-leaved racemes; pedicels less than 2 mm long; calyx 4-6 mm long, petal 6, slightly unequal, oblong obovate, 2-4 mm long,; stamen 11, style enclosed within calyx; ovule 4-8.
Invaded Habitat:
Road sides, low brushwood, fields, tea plantations, corn and vegetable crops.
Naturalized on Northeast slope of Mount Gede, West Java and spread at the high land in West Java. Recently it is reported as important weeds in corn in Central Sulawesi.
Prefer sunny situations at 1000-1400 m alt. Flowering throughout the year.
  1. Backer,  C.A. & D.F. van Slooten.1924 Geillustreerd Handboek der Javaansche Theeonkruiden en hunne Beteekenis voor de Cultuur. Algemeen Proefstation voor Thee. Drukkerijen Ruygrok & Co, Batavia
  2. Backer, C.A. & R.C. Backhuizen van den Brink Jr. 1963.  Flora of Java. Vol. I. N.V. P. Noordhoff-Groningen-The Netherlands
  3. Tjitrosoedirdjo, Sri S., Mahfudz, S. Tjitrosemito and M.A. Chozin. 2004. Study of Weed Dynamic in Some Cropping Systems in Forest Margins of Lore Lindu National Park. Jurnal Gulma Tropika 2(1): 21-26