Invasive Alien Species
Species Name: Jatropha gossypifolia
- Family Name:
- Jatropha elegans (Pohl) Klotzsch
- Tropical America
- Shrub, tuberous at the base, often widely branched, 100-200 cm tall. Petiole throughout upper surface with stalked, viscid glands. Leaves orbicular to broadly obovate, 3-5-fid to beyond the middle, at first dark purple, gradually becoming dark green, ciliate and with shortly stalked glands along the margin, 6-20 x 7-22 cm; stipules dissolved into decurrent rows of stalked glands. Peduncle hairy, 2.5-8 cm; calyx tinged with purple, glanduliferous; petals obovate, dark red, pale at base, 4.5-5 mm long, glabrous; fruit 11-12 mm long, tri-coccous.
- Invaded Habitat:
- Locally often numerous at roads, dams, lawns, waste places and cemetery.
- Naturalized in Java, Madura, Timor and Central Sulawesi on several places in dry areas at low altitudes.
- Found on several places in dry areas at low altitudes.
In areas with a strong east-monsoon the plants bear the dries part of the year often exclusively short-petioled, small, dark brown leaves. Flowers throughout the year.
- Backer , C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen Van Den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java Vol I. N.V. P. Noordhoff. Groningen, Netherlands.
- Hussey, B.M.J., G.J. Keighery, R.D. Cousens, J. Dodd and S.G. Lloyd. 1997. Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia (Inc.).
- Voogd, C.N.A. de. 1950. Tanaman Apakah Ini Gerangan. Buku kecil untuk taman berkelana. N.V. Uitgeverij W. van Hoeve, Bandung’s Gravenhage (translated by Soetan Sanif)