Invasive Alien Species

Species Name: Passiflora foetida

Family Name:
Passifloraceae
Synonym:
Origin:
Tropical America
Description:
Herbaceous vine 1.5-5.0 m long, with cylindrical stem, filiform stipules, and long tendrils.  The leaves are ovate, 3 lobes, acuminate, hairy and light green, 5.5-12.0 cm x3.5-12.0 cm.  Bases cordate; the leaf stalks are 2.0-10.0 cm long.  Bisexual flowers are axillary, solitary or in twos, with pedicels 1.0-7.0 long.  The Fruit berry, globular green turning orange when ripe surrounded by involucre.  Seeds numerous, compressed 4.0 x 1.7 mm, black or dark brown, covered by a white or transparent, fragrant aril.
Invaded Habitat:
P. foetida is a creeping and climbing weed which is invasive of open areas and cultivated land.  It is a creeper which smothers the young shoots of the beneficial leguminous cover crops like Peuraria, Centrosema and Calopogonium. It climbs over beneficial ground vegetation, particularly over Paspalum conjugatum and Ottochloa nodosa, two common grasses in plantations. It is a weed of rubber, oil palm, cocoa, cotton,  orchards, pepper, coffee, pineapple and forest plantations.  It is also distributed as a weed in waste places, road sides and cultivated areas.
Distribution:
Fully established in Java and Madura. Introduced into Java along ago, and has since spread throughout Indonesia.
Ecology:
In wet areas or in areas with a pronounced dry season. The weeds can grow at the sulfat acid soil.
References:
  1. Backer , C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen Van Den Brink.  1965.  Flora of Java. N.V. P. Noordhoff. Groningen, Netherlands.
  2. Barnes, D.E. and G.C. Luz.  1990.  Common weeds of  Malaysia and thir control.  Ancom Berhad, Shah Alam, Malaysia.  345 pages.
  3. Budiman, A., M. Thamrin and S. Asikin.  1988.   Beberapa Jenis Gulma di Lahan Pasang Surut Kalimantan Selatan dan Tengah dengan Tingkat Kemasaman Tanah Yang Berbeda.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI IX.  Hal 81-92.
  4. Ismail, S.S.  1993.  Passiflora foetida L.  Weed Info Sheet.  SEAWIC SEAMEO BIOTROP.  Bogor, Indonesia.  2 Pages.
  5. Lee, S.A.  1982.  Paraquat for weed control and crop desication in Malaysia- a review.  MARDI report No. 78.  MARDI, Serdang.  20 pages.
  6. Soekarmi, H., I.H. Utomo, J.H. Sardjono.  1992.  Inventarisasi dan Identifikasi Berbagai Jenis Gulma Dominan pada Berbagai Komoditas Andalan Perkebunan di Sulawesi Selatan.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI XI.  Ujung Pandang.  Hal 20-28.
  7. Soerjani, M.,  A. J. G. H. Kostermans & Gembong Tjitrosoepomo (Eds.).  1987.  Weeds of Rice in Indonesia. Balai Pustaka. Jakarta
  8. Supriyo, A., B. Prayudi, S. Zulaikha.  Pengaruh Cara pengendalian Gulma terhadap Pertumbuhan Gulma dan Hasil Kedelai pada Tanah Sulfat Masam.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI XI.  Ujung Pandang.  Hal  163-169.
  9. Susanto, H. and H. Suprapto.  1992. Pandangan Masyarakat tentang Tali Putri ( Cuscuta sp.) dan Potensinya Sebagai Gulma Penting di Bandar Lampung.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI XI.  Ujung Pandang.  Hal  340-343.
  10. Swarbrick, J.T.  1981.  Weeds of Australia.  Australian Weeds 1(2): 20-22.
  11. Syawal, Y. et al.  1992.  Gulma yang Dominan Pada Agroekosistem di Sumatera Selatan.  Dalam Prosiding Konferensi HIGI XI.  Ujung Pandang.  Hal 43-48.
  12. Webb, K.R.  and A.M.  Feez.  1987.  Control of  broadlef weeds with fluroxypyr in sugarcane and grain sorghum in northern New Southwales and Queensland.  Proc.  11th Asian-Pacific Weed Sci. Soc. Conf. 1: 211-217.