Invasive Alien Species
Species Name: Brachiaria reptans
- Family Name:
- Brachiaria prostrata (Lamk.) Griseb
Panicum reptans L.
Urochloa reptans (L.) Stapf.
- Perennial, usually much-branched , stoloniferous, decumbent to creeping at the top, rooting at the nodes, 15-40 cm tall. Stem slender, hollow. Leaf sheaths cylindrical, finely hairy at the base on the nodes, densely ciliate along the free margins, 1.5-2 cm; ligule a very short, long-ciliate membrane; blade ovate-lanceolate with broadly cordate, more or less amplexicaul base, rough margined, often wavy, sometimes densely and finely short hairs, 2-10 cm x 1-1.5 mm. Inflorescence of 3-15 lateral, dense racemes and a terminal one; lower one 1.5-5 cm long, upper shorter; spikelets elliptic-oblong, awned less, flattened, 2 mm, dropping as a whole from the pedicels; with one male and bisexual flower. Caryopsis oblong, flattened, clasped by the hard upper lemma, the styles sub-persistent, 1.2 mm long.
- Invaded Habitat:
- Along road sides, waste lands, crop-lands, gogo rancah and upland rice fields.
- Throughout Indonesia except Kalimantan as far as known.
- Rather moist to rather dry soils of fields (it disappears after flooding);flowering all year round; found up to 1600 m altitude.
- Backer , C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen Van Den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java Vol. III. N.V. P. Noordhoff. Groningen, Netherlands
- Koo, S.J., D.V. Chin and Y. W. Kwon. 2005. Common Weeds in Vietnam. Second edition. Saigon, Plant Protection State Limited Company.
- Soerjani, M., A. J. G. H. Kostermans & Gembong Tjitrosoepomo (Eds.). 1987. Weeds of Rice in Indonesia. Balai Pustaka. Jakarta.