Past Events

Feb 23 2017
Seminar Series: Trends and Future Directions and Digitized Herbarium in Japan

SEAMEO BIOTROP’s Public Seminar Series
23 February 2017, 09.00 – 11.00 WIB
Venue: MIT Room, SEAMEO BIOTROP, Jl. Raya Tajur Km. 6, Bogor

Trends and Future Directions and Digitized Herbarium in Japan

Motomi Ito, Professor, D.Sc.
Department of General Systems Sciences
University of Tokyo

Now, sharing biodiversity data become an international trend.  Why we should digitized specimens?  One reason why is management of specimens. How many specimens you have in your specimens? Do you have specimens of a certain species? It becomes very easy to answer these questions if you have a database of specimens.  In addition to it, requests for photos of specimens are increasing recently, instead of borrowing real sheets of specimens. Photos with good quality are enough for some kinds of taxonomic studies, and this method has a merit for both sides. Another reason is that sharing information would be promoting sciences. 

In Japan, we started digitizing plant specimens from 1980’s.  At first, we started to digitize type specimens.  Especially, in a herbarium of University of Tokyo, type specimens of some families have been digitized and providing them as both databases and printed materials. From beginning of 21th century, we started to digitize specimens of major herbarium in Japan.  In addition, as an activity of GBIF Japanese node, we promote digitizing specimens of regional museum.  As a result, we provide 3,816,223 data to GBIF from Japan sharing internationally in the end of 2015. Among them, one third is plants data.

Digitizing herbarium specimens includes some steps. Among them, to decide data structure in the database is very important.  Today, Darwin Core is used as a de-facto standard schema for sharing biodiversity data. Here, I will introduce detail of Darwin Core and how we can make herbarium specimen information fitting Darwin Core.

Short Biography of the Speaker:
Prof. Motomi Ito obtained Dr. Sci. in biology at Kyoto University in 1987. He was assistant professor at Makino Herbarium, Tokyo Metropolitan University in 1987, and was the associate professor of Chiba University in 1993. He moved to The University of Tokyo as associate professor in 2000, and is professor since 2005. The main research interests of his laboratory are biodiversity and evolutionary biology. The research subjects of the laboratory members are plant speciation, conservation biology, interaction between plants and insects, biodiversity genomics, and so on. His laboratory is now one of the center of biodiversity informatics in Japan, and working for GBIF-Japan National Node and Japan Barcode of Life Initiative.

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