Recent News

Restoration of Degraded Ecosystem

These Lab-Grown Corals Could Save The Planet

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Decades into his career, marine biologist David Vaughan stumbled upon a method for growing coral faster than had previously been believed possible, a breakthrough that can add clean air to the planet, and has possible implications for treatment of cancer and tumors. Now he has a new lease on life and is determined not to retire until he can plant a million new corals. Watch the video below to learn more about his method. Continue reading..

Conservation and Sustainable Use of Unique Ecosystems/Landscapes of High Biodiversity

Scientists Develop Fossil Fuel-Based Technology That Consumes Carbon Dioxide

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Engineers at The Ohio State University are developing technologies that have the potential to economically convert fossil fuels and biomass into useful products including electricity without emitting carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. In the first of two papers published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science, the engineers report that they’ve devised a process that transforms shale gas into products such as methanol and gasoline—all while consuming carbon dioxide. This process can also be applied to coal and biomass to produce useful products. Continue reading..

Environmental Integrity

These Lab-Grown Corals Could Save The Planet

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Decades into his career, marine biologist David Vaughan stumbled upon a method for growing coral faster than had previously been believed possible, a breakthrough that can add clean air to the planet, and has possible implications for treatment of cancer and tumors. Now he has a new lease on life and is determined not to retire until he can plant a million new corals. Watch the video below to learn more about his method. Continue reading..

Environmental Integrity

Sumatran rhino 'hanging on by a thread'

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Scientists have decoded the genome of the Sumatran rhinoceros - one of the most threatened mammals on Earth. Its genetic blueprint shows that populations have been in decline for a very long time. The rhino's troubles began during the last Ice Age, when its habitat shrunk, says a US team. Continue reading..

Community Welfare

App 'trained' to spot crop disease, alert farmers

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[NAIROBI] A team of scientists has received US$100,000 grant to refine a mobile application (app) that uses artificial intelligence to diagnose crop diseases, and aims to help millions of African smallholders. The CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers and Bananas team won the grant during big data conference in Colombia on 21 September as part of the CGIAR Platform for Big Data in Agriculture Inspire Challenges. The app, to be used against cassava brown streak disease and the cassava mosaic disease, is expected to be rolled out in 2018. Continue reading..

Community Welfare

Soil-based filter bricks clean up water for Moroccan farmers

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A home-made filter system using layers of soil and gravel cleans domestic waste water well enough to make it suitable for irrigation, a research team in Morocco has found. The filter prototype, tested in Al Haouz, a rural district about 40 kilometres from Marrakech, removed a large amount of waste such as solid particles, organic pollution, nitrogen and fertiliser residue. The system was also successful at killing off coliform bacteria and other pathogens in the water including faecal matter, E. Continue reading..

Environmental Integrity

The World's Carbon Emissions Started Rising Again, In Four Charts

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The world’s carbon emissions were flat for three years, leaving many scientists to speculate about if we’d hit a turning point in our fight with climate change. But on Monday, two new studies threw cold water on the possibility. The findings show the globe’s carbon emissions rose 2 percent in 2017, hitting a new record high. Continue reading..

Community Welfare

Lung damage from agricultural fires probed

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Organic compounds and particular matter released when burning foreststo clear land for agriculture can kill human lung cells or lead to irreversible damage to DNA, according to a new study. Burning forest to make land suitable for farming or to rear livestock is a widespread practice in many parts of the developing world. Nearly three billion people around the world are exposed to contaminants from biomass burning as a result of farming practices, deforestation, and burning wood or charcoal for fuel. Continue reading..

Community Welfare

Sources of aflatoxin found for Brazil nuts

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High temperatures, humidity and long periods spent on the forest floor before harvest all favour the growth of mycotoxins on Brazil nuts, according to research by a local team of scientists.   They identified critical points for contamination throughout the supply chain.   “Our research identified the critical points in the contamination of Brazil nuts by aflatoxins [a type of mycotoxin produced by fungi of the genus Aspergillus], and helped to establish measures to reduce contamination,” said Marta Hiromi Taniwaki, a researcher at the Food Technology Institute (ITAL) in Campinas, Brazil, and principal investigator for the project. Continue reading..

Environmental Integrity

Most countries are better off with intact forests

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[NEW YORK] Converting forests into farms is not economically viable except in selected regions, says a global study.Published last month (July) in PLoS Biology, the study by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) examined deforestation in more than 50 countries in the tropics between 2000—2012, and identified regions where deforestation is most and least beneficial. According to Luis Roman Carrasco, lead author of the study and assistant professor at the NUS faculty of science, the study was undertaken “to help policymakers realise whether their deforestation strategies made economic sense and how these could be modified to avoid inefficient loss of natural resources. Continue reading..